5 Common Types Of Depression


People often have difficulty understanding depression because it is easy to misinterpret it as a sign of another health disorder. From a medical perspective, though, depression is a mood disorder that results in persistent sadness and extreme disinterest in what you normally enjoy. Depression disturbs your way of thinking, feeling, and behaving and can ultimately affect your daily life. Luckily, depression Charlotte specialists can treat this condition before it damages your life. Read on to learn about the various types of depression.

1. Psychotic Depression

Psychotic depression occurs when a person is experiencing both depression and psychosis. Psychosis is a condition that happens when one loses touch with reality. The signs and symptoms of psychotic depression are; anxiety, delusions, disorganized speech and words when communicating, hallucinating, and others.

2. Major Depressive Disorder

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a type of depression where a patient will have many of the symptoms below for more than two weeks:

  •       Feelings of despair, guilt, and worthlessness
  •       Anhedonia (Lack of pleasure in activities that you enjoyed)
  •       Sleep changes
  •       Low mood
  •       Fatigue
  •       Trouble concentrating
  •       Suicidal thoughts

MDD can either be moderate, mild, or severe depression. Mild MDD depression has minimal effects on your social life or work. However, if the MDD is severe, the signs are noticeable and very intense. As such, you might experience various problems in your career, relationship, and daily life.

3. Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is depression in which a person is between an unusually increased mood (mania) and depressive episodes. Bipolar depression is divided into its severe form, hyper mania, and its mild form, hypomania. Hypomania has no serious effect, but this is not the case with hyper mania.

 Hyper mania patients are seen to lose touch with reality, causing the quality of their life to deteriorate. You might also notice other symptoms like ambitious plans, a lot of energy, and wild ideas.

4. Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is a type of depression that is associated with the major hormonal changes that occur when a woman is pregnant. Nonetheless, at times this type of depression might happen after childbirth. When you give birth, progesterone and estrogen levels rapidly decrease, causing brain alteration that leads to you experiencing intense mood swings.

 Frequently, many women do not sleep while taking care of new infants; as a result, the symptoms of depression will worsen. These symptoms include sadness, exhaustion, and lack of energy. There are other cases where new mothers are affected by postpartum psychosis, where the person is affected by depression together with confusion, delusions, or hallucinations.

5. Dysthymia

Dysthymia is a mild type of depression that is lasting and persistent. In comparison to MDD, dysthymia does not only have less severe symptoms but also lasts longer (for about two years). Due to the capability of dysthymia to last longer, you might not notice that you have the condition, and you might even think it is a normal feeling.

Most people have a challenge in identifying if they have depression. Therefore, it is best to undergo a mental checkup to prevent depression from advancing to its severe stage. Fortunately, Neal Taub, MD of Charlotte Ketamine Center, can aid in diagnosing your condition and offer you the necessary treatment depending on which type of depression it is. Visit any of the offices in Charlotte or North Carolina or schedule a consultation online via mobile or online.


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