Learn about the Most Common Chronic Conditions


Learning that you have a chronic illness can trigger feelings such as sadness, anger, stress, or confusion. But fret not since what may be confusing will make sense; over time, you will adapt and start feeling like yourself again. Even better, you won’t walk this journey alone since CN Internal Medicine offers chronic disease management Lansdowne – an integrated care approach to managing an illness that includes screenings, monitoring, treatment, and patient education. Chronic disease management can improve your quality of life and reduce healthcare costs by preventing or minimizing the effects of a disease. You may benefit from chronic disease management if you have any of the following illnesses.

Heart disease

Heart disease refers to several conditions that affect the heart; they include blood vessel disease, irregular heartbeats, congenital heart defects, heart valve disease, and heart muscle disease. While heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.

The symptoms of heart disease vary depending on the type of heart disease one has. For example, coronary artery disease in men causes chest pain, while women are most likely to have additional symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and nausea. Coronary artery disease affects the major blood vessels (arteries) that supply blood to the heart muscle. It occurs when cholesterol deposits in the arteries, a condition called atherosclerosis

The success rate of treatment is higher when heart disease is detected early. Therefore, you should talk to your healthcare provider if you have concerns about your heart health. You and your healthcare provider can discuss ways to reduce your risk of heart disease, especially if you have a family history of heart disease.


Diabetes is a chronic health problem that affects how your body utilizes glucose or blood sugar. Your body breaks down most of the food you eat into sugar, which enters the bloodstream. When your blood sugar rises, the pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that lets blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy. But with diabetes, your body produces little to no insulin or doesn’t use insulin as it should. Sugar accumulates in the bloodstream when there’s little insulin, or the cells are unresponsive to insulin action. Over time, it can cause serious health problems such as kidney disease, heart disease, and vision loss.

The causes of diabetes vary for the three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes results from an autoimmune reaction; your body mistakenly attacks the islets cells, affecting insulin production. With type 2 diabetes, the fat, muscles, and liver cells become resistant to insulin, and the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin to manage blood sugar levels.


Cancer refers to any disease characterized by the development of abnormal cells that divide uncontrollably, destroying normal and healthy body tissues. It is the second leading cause of death worldwide, but survival rates are improving for certain cancer types thanks to cancer screening, treatment, and prevention improvements.

If you are living with a chronic illness, contact your healthcare provider at CN Internal Medicine to know how you can benefit from chronic disease management.


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