Guide to PM Kisan Samman Nidhi 2023


The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) scheme is a government initiative that aims to provide income support to all landholding farmers’ families across the country. Under this scheme, eligible farmers receive financial assistance of Rs. 6,000 per year, payable in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each. The scheme was introduced to ensure the upliftment and financial stability of small and marginal farmers who often face financial constraints in purchasing essential inputs for agriculture.

Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Land Ownership: The scheme is applicable to all landholding farmer families, including those who have small plots of land.

  2. Income Criteria: Farmers who have a combined family income below the threshold set by the government are eligible for the scheme.

  3. Scheme Exclusions: Institutional landholders, farmer families in which one or more members are holders of constitutional posts, and those who have retired from government service are not eligible.

Registration Process:

  1. Online Registration: Farmers can register for the PM-KISAN scheme online through the official website by providing details such as Aadhaar number, bank account details, and land ownership documents.

  2. Common Service Centers (CSCs): Farmers can also visit nearby CSCs for registration by paying a nominal fee for assistance in the registration process.

  3. Authorized Nodal Officers: Farmers can also approach authorized nodal officers in their respective states for registration under the scheme.

Verification Process:

  1. Aadhaar Authentication: The Aadhaar details provided during registration are verified to ensure the authenticity of the farmer’s identity.

  2. Land Ownership Verification: The ownership of the land declared by the farmer is cross-verified with available records to prevent fraudulent claims.

Fund Disbursement:

  1. Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT): The financial assistance of Rs. 6,000 per year is transferred directly into the bank accounts of eligible farmers in three equal installments.

  2. Installment Schedule: The first installment is typically credited between April-July, the second installment between August-November, and the third installment between December-March.

Key Features:

  1. Income Support: The scheme provides direct income support to farmers to meet their agricultural expenses and improve their financial well-being.

  2. Financial Inclusion: By linking the assistance to the farmer’s bank account, the scheme promotes financial inclusion and digital payments.

  3. Nationwide Coverage: The PM-KISAN scheme benefits farmers across all states and union territories of India, ensuring equitable distribution of financial aid.

Impact of PM-KISAN:

  1. Enhanced Financial Security: The scheme has provided small and marginal farmers with a sense of financial security by supplementing their income.

  2. Agricultural Investment: Farmers are able to invest in better agricultural practices, purchase quality inputs, and improve crop productivity.

  3. Poverty Alleviation: By supporting farmers with direct income assistance, the scheme plays a crucial role in alleviating poverty in rural areas.

Challenges and Way Forward:

  1. Identification of Beneficiaries: Ensuring that the benefits reach the intended beneficiaries and preventing fraudulent claims remains a challenge for the effective implementation of the scheme.

  2. Extension of Coverage: There is a need to expand the coverage of the PM-KISAN scheme to include more vulnerable farmer households who may be currently excluded.

  3. Monitoring and Evaluation: Regular monitoring and evaluation of the scheme’s impact are essential to address shortcomings and make necessary improvements.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

  1. Q: Can tenant farmers avail benefits under the PM-KISAN scheme?

A: Tenant farmers are not eligible for the scheme as it is specifically designed for landowning farmers.

  1. Q: Is there any age limit for farmers to apply for the PM-KISAN scheme?

A: There is no age limit for farmers to apply as long as they meet the eligibility criteria related to landholding and income.

  1. Q: What happens if there are discrepancies in the bank account details provided during registration?

A: Farmers should ensure the accuracy of bank account details to avoid any delays in fund disbursement. Any discrepancies should be corrected promptly.

  1. Q: Are there any charges or fees for registering under the PM-KISAN scheme?

A: Registration under the PM-KISAN scheme is free of cost for farmers. However, if they choose to register through CSCs, a nominal fee may apply.

  1. Q: Can farmers check the status of their PM-KISAN payments online?

A: Yes, farmers can check the status of their payments online through the official PM-KISAN portal using their Aadhaar number or mobile number.

  1. Q: What should farmers do if they have not received their PM-KISAN payments on time?

A: In case of delayed payments, farmers should contact the relevant authorities at the state or district level to address the issue promptly.

In conclusion, the PM-KISAN scheme has emerged as a significant initiative to provide financial assistance to farmers and support their livelihoods. By addressing key challenges and continuously improving the implementation process, the scheme has the potential to bring about meaningful changes in the lives of small and marginal farmers across the country.


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